The department of Neurosurgery is the referral centre for southern Sweden and covers a population of 1.8 million people. The department treats patients with brain and spinal cord injuries and diseases. 40% or the patients are emergency cases like trauma and and cerebral haemorrhage and the expertise range from all major neurosurgical procedures, including vascular, endoscopic, paediatric, epilepsy, skull base, and cervical spine surgeries as well as endovascular interventions and deep brain stimulation (DBS).
The simple surgeries, such as cervical disk replacement are effectively taken care of through fast track process as out-patients. The department constantly strive to evolve the process and patient safety to get the best and most cost-effective results possible.
Neuronavigation is standard procedure in all operation rooms. New robot technic is on the horizon and the use of novel biomarkers together with specific microscopic technic helps the surgeon to find tumour cells that earlier were hard to find. Advanced neurooimaging such as PET-CT and MR are used with the aim to develop new, improved therapies.
Approximately 2,000 operations are performed annually in four fully-equipped operating theatres and over 7000 out patients annually visit the clinic. The operation unit has its own personel, including operating room nurses. The personel is highly dedicated and well trained in the very specifik procedures of neurosurgery and rotations within the clinic is common to grow competence.
The high research activity in the department covers neuro-oncology, vascular neurosurgery, neurotrauma, hydrocephalus, epilepsy, Parkinson and DBS. The department has 19 doctors, including 10 specialists, 5 associate professors and 1 professor. at large, all work conducted at the department is and should be a part of research activity. Through this, treatments are improved and the philosophy beyond is that a person that studies, becomes more interested and observant and get impulses to try new. That is how progress is created.
According to Swedish McKinsey report 2013, the department was the most cost effective neurosurgical department due to high surgical turnover, short length of stay etc.
The future in neurosurgery will be about functional neurosurgery, which means that the surgeon will affect the function of the nervous system, with for example electrodes in the brain instead of surgery to remove tumours and repair damage.
Neurosurgery is becoming more and more high-tech and less invasive with better guidance throughout the operation. Hopefully, the future will also give the possibility to repair a damaged nervous system. Today this is a rather unexplored area where the department at Skåne University Hospital together with Lund University hope to contribute.